Last month the gringo family was in town for 10 days and, as newsletter subscribers know, I failed to deliver as many cultural activities (“Culture” with a capital C) as I would have liked. But I did get them inside the Cathedral’s religious art museum as well as MALI, Lima’s top art museum. MALI was sold with the promise of a quick run-through (almost no stopping) with the promise of not explaining the context of every piece. Only the magnificent.
After the run it was not difficult to get them into the gift shop. I bought a couple things, including a book about the work of Peruvian artist Camilo Blas. Born in Cajamarca as Jose Sanchez Urteaga, Blas is one of the most recognized artists in the indigenismo movement.
After some 400 years of stepping on the cholos, Latin America saw the rise of a … I’m going to let the expert tell it. From this over-educated art history professor at Cornell:
The 1920s precipitated a ﬂurry of intellectual activity in the Andes dedicated to the valorization of the Indian as a symbol of regional, national, and continental identities. Pioneered by the Marxist intellectual José Carlos Mariátegui, the indigenismo movement in Peru sought to bring the country’s Andean identity to the front and center of nationalist discourse as a corrective to centuries of marginalization and exploitation of its native communities …
[In addition to writing] indigenismo incorporated poetry, music and art criticism into its fold, which were disseminated through art galleries, museums and cultural centers sponsored by a number of state and private institutions.
The indigenismo movement was also strong in Mexico, whose government successfully married the indigenous Aztec culture with Hispanic to create a national identity. Peru, on the other hand, never had its heart in it and still has serious race issues. It’s no surprise it took a gringo to discover and popularize Machu Picchu, but I digress.
You don’t read Expat Chronicles for a lecture on art history. You want scandal. I know it, and I give it to you!
At some stage of his career the indigenist painter and drawer Camilo Blas was hired by Peru’s education ministry, known at the time as the Ministry of Instruction. And you won’t believe the racist, insensitive, hate propaganda he produced for the government!
The following images and their captions (translated from Spanish, Quechua and Aymara) may cause emotional distress.
For the clowns in the audience, you are a bad person if you laugh at any of these. You will go to hell.
“The Indian who bathes is strong and agile for work. You have to take a bath!”
(Above) “The Indian who sleeps on the ground with dogs and guinea pigs looks like the animals.”
(Below) “The Indian who sleeps on a clean bed with a mattress lives happy and healthy for a long time.”
(Above) “I shouldn’t live in just one hut that serves as a room for my family and my animals.”
(Below) “An educated and aspiring Indian has at least one room to sleep in, another for eating and one more to house the livestock.”
(Above) “The Indian who gets drunk brings pain and misery to his family and dies young.”
(Below) “He who does not get drunk has a house, land and animals, and brings happiness to his children.”
(Above) “If we don’t make paved roads we have to carry our agricultural products ourselves, like donkeys and llamas.”
(Below) “Let’s make paved roads! Let’s pool our money and buy a truck for the Ayllu. Let’s happily obey the Road Law!”
[End of Dangerous Space]
Resume Safe Space
That’s all for the hideous, sickening and insensitive work from Blas. But while I’m at it, I’ll run through some miscellaneous highlights below.
Journalist and philosopher Jose Carlos Mariategui is often considered the founder of indigenismo, as well as one of the 20th century’s most influential communists in Latin America. A line from one of his books inspired the name, Shining Path. Blas designed this book cover.
After making a name for himself as one of Peru’s preeminent artists and indigenists, Blas shocked the nation by embarking on what became an entire chapter of art highlighting “criollismo,” or city life in Lima. “Lima alley” is probably Blas’s signature work.
The cover of El Comercio for the 400th anniversary of Lima. Starting from Santa Rosa and moving clockwise: tapada limeña, Senor de los Milagros, the Lima coat of arms, Francisco Pizarro, marinera dancing and bullfighting.
Spanish soldiers torture Jose Olaya, a Peruvian independence figure similar to Paul Revere.
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